Who Lived On Salt Spring First?
There is evidence
of First Nations' occupation of the
Ask the students
who they think lived on Salt Spring first. Then ask how long they think they've
lived here. Collect their guesses. Then tell them the oldest record of First
Nations' habitation was found at
Ask the students what kind of evidence
might have been found to show their habitation. After collecting their ideas,
show them an overhead of an Archeological
Sites Map of Salt Spring. Discuss middens. Most of these sites are
middens: layers of dirt, clamshells and fire cracked rock from centuries of
processing clams for winter and trade purposes. If they have been to a white
shell beach, there is probably a midden nearby!
Ask them, where on the map they see archeological sites. Ask why they think First Nations settled where they did (sites are found near the ocean). Discuss possible reasons (close to water transportation, rich resources, etc.) Let students try to figure this out before you tell them.
Show them the Rules Governing Archeological Sites. Discuss their importance. The layers in middens are like the pages in a book. What problems could occur for archeologists if the layers are disturbed? What should we do if we visit a midden site?
Students carefully sketch what they see, creating a key which includes common midden elements:
clam shellrockfire cracked rock (labeled FCRs by archeologists)
Lesson 2: Who Were The First People Who Lived On Salt Spring?