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Amazing Women of Salt Spring

2008 Presentation

poster from the Amazing Women of Salt Spring presentation by the Historical Society of Salt Spring
Accession Number Address to the Historical Society
Date October 8, 2008 Central Hall
Media digital recording Audio mp3




Unknown Speaker 0:00
Good afternoon, and welcome to our panel presentation of amazing women of Salt Spring Island. And what we don't have on the poster is part one.

Unknown Speaker 0:09
October is Women's History Month. And what a better time to be doing this then now, before we start, though, we wanted to give you just a brief introduction as to how this came about.

Unknown Speaker 0:25
This started in May, with Frank sending us out an email saying that the BC government through their BC 150 program was offering grants for topics such as the history of women and their involvement in their community and how they have influenced that community. So we thought, Well, what a perfect chance for us to tell the stories of some of the amazing Saltspring women.

Unknown Speaker 0:50
And we've met, but together a couple of times, and we ended up with two full pages of names, far too many to do in one presentation. So our first problem was, well, how do we weed this list down? Okay, first step was relatively easy, we decided you had to be deceased.

Unknown Speaker 1:14
Okay, the future whoever's live now, that's somebody else's valid way down the line. So the next step was we had to go back and take a look at the criteria for the actual application process for the grant. And we used their criteria in selecting areas of development of the community on the island, to filter out our list of people involved. And even then, we still had a problem because we had too many areas. So for today's presentation, we've decided to focus on pioneers. One of the criteria was that we needed to flip reflect the multicultural nature of our community. Education, certainly an important role. It's time developing the entire island, business, healthcare, leadership and agriculture. Now there are a lot of areas left out that will need to be addressed at a different time. For example, arts is something that we would love to delve into, but we just had to say, Okay, cut it off at this point in time. Okay, so we'll leave those to another time and hopefully manage to come up with an another list.

Unknown Speaker 2:34
Okay, at this particular time, as you've gathered, we won the ground, we'd like to thank the people involved, who helped us to

Unknown Speaker 2:42
win this ground. First of all, on the island. We had amazing support. We had letters from slova, the Cfu W, which is the Canadian Federation of University Women and farmers Institute. And I'd like to thank also all the members of the group that worked together to put the grant application

Unknown Speaker 3:06
all together and actually successfully do it as particularly to the BB, because some of you may know I chip my shoulder at the pool, and BB had to pinch hit and do all the actual grunt work. Also, we would like to gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the province of BC through the ministry of healthy living and sport and the assistance of the BC Museum Association and making this presentation possible.

Unknown Speaker 3:32
Okay, once again, we entitled this presentation, amazing women of Saltspring Island, part one, in recognition of the fact that although all of the women highlighted today, were influential in some way. They were not the only women who were they are only a fraction of the many amazing women who have made a difference in our community.

Unknown Speaker 3:57
Emily happen and myself will be presenting pioneers in education.

Unknown Speaker 4:04
Roberta Stark, and Susan good. We'll cover business and agriculture for our boss Dentsu Molad will be with health care and leadership.

Unknown Speaker 4:25
Our first group our pioneers, live on Salt Spring Island was harsh to live here to courage, determination, fortitude and hard work. Reverend Wilson writing in his journal Saltspring on a noted that early residents of Saltspring Aden were of considerable mixture of nationalities. There were many reasons for this diversity, but certainly the right to preempt land provided they became naturalized citizens was key. We have selected Mariah Mahanoy

Unknown Speaker 4:58
granny Jeyes and

Unknown Speaker 5:00
Sylvia stark as representatives of the ethnic Pioneer Women of Salt Spring Island

Unknown Speaker 5:13
Mariah Malloy, shown in this picture is that the age of 30. She was born in 1855 to Wilma Hoya, a kidnapper, who had been contracted the Hudson's Bay Company during the fur trade and his first nations wife. Mariah, though always identified more with her canal or Hawaiian heritage than what she did with her first nations background. Little is known about her Hurley life until the age of 15, when she developed a relationship with the American seat Captain Abel Douglas, and went on to have seven children by him until the relationship dissolved shortly after this first picture. Around 18 T. She entered into her second relationship with George Fisher, who was born on piers Island, and was of English and

Unknown Speaker 6:12
collagen background. Mariah herself was illiterate, but she recognized the importance of an education and saw to it that not only her boys but also her girls were educated.

Unknown Speaker 6:26
She was proud of her Hawaiian heritage. They all had to deal to a certain degree with a amount of prejudice. Like herself, her daughters went on to marry into the dominant culture. Her sons by Douglas tended to identify themselves as Scots in 1902.

Unknown Speaker 6:48
The Fisher's move to wrestle honor

Unknown Speaker 6:52
which is of course dislocated, so the foolproof harbor restaurant and have been originally granted in 1886 to a Canac and named William homea. Mariah with the help of her family and neighbors in Beaufort successful to claim the island in court as his heir. So if you take a look at her she was not only tenacious, resourceful, she was very, she would say resilient, tanned, very.

Unknown Speaker 7:23
I don't know how many women's day would even go on and to court and work that on that successfully. Her home on Russell island became a focal point for the largely mixed community of Canac and First Nations people. She lived there until her death in 1936. And of course, I think most people in here know Russell on is now under the stewardship of Parks Canada.

Unknown Speaker 7:58
By modern standards to wall he, to Salem should have had a major identity crisis. At the age of 17. She had to adopt a Christian name Marianne, her family name was anglicized from the couch and to Salem to gas from and then within months to jives when she married an Irishman, almost 30 years her senior, and they settled on land that had been preempted from her father by the government. However, she took this all in her stride and she worked along side Michael to create a homestead and raise a family and serving the community of Burgoyne Bay and Fulford harbor as a midwife.

Unknown Speaker 8:41
Much of what we know of Marianne, we learned from her grandchildren

Unknown Speaker 8:54
her grandfather, son is Bob, a curmudgeon, and he speaks with great pride that this is one of his most prized possessions is the photograph he has with his grandmother. Marianne Indian culture was very much a part of her everyday life. She was very in tune with the natural world and God speaks with pride of the understanding and the skills that she passed on. And even her husband claimed that Cougars were more afraid of her stick than they were of his gun.

Unknown Speaker 9:28
The wonderful display and

Unknown Speaker 9:31
I'm just gonna skip ahead.

Unknown Speaker 9:34
The wonderful display in the Kremen museum of the baskets includes baskets made by granny jives.

Unknown Speaker 9:44
Val drives is granddaughter of granny chives and at one point granny kept house in Ganges so that three of her children could attend high school. Valerie members that they stayed in a real shack. The house was so

Unknown Speaker 10:00
Cold that the water actually froze in the kettle if the stove was out, but on Friday afternoons granny was so anxious to get back to Fulford that rather than wait for the carton horse to come and pick the children up and take them home, she would always set up walking. So it's a pretty good indication of what a sacrifice she made

Unknown Speaker 10:24
about credits her grandmother with enabling her to go on get a high school diploma, and then have her nursing career. Marianne was a midwife. She received her healing knowledge from her college and family. And that skill was appreciated by many in the area, because at that time, there were no doctors serving that area.

Unknown Speaker 10:45
She is also credited with bringing many babies into birth at the south end. Maryann is buried beside Michael in the cemetery adjacent to St. Paul's Church. A simple headstone marks the resting place of this unique pioneer woman whose Indian heritage and generosity enrich the lives of those around her.

Unknown Speaker 11:18
Sylvia Stark was born in 1839 in Clay County, Missouri. Her family moved from Missouri to California, and from there moved north on the assumption of our promises of land.

Unknown Speaker 11:35
In 1860, they moved to Salt Spring Island. She had married Louis Stark, and at that time they had two children. They came with the two children and 15 dairy cows.

Unknown Speaker 11:49
They first settled in the Sidious and they were moved northeast shore of Ganges harbour across from goat Island at least on Scott road.

Unknown Speaker 12:02
This is a picture of her and middle age.

Unknown Speaker 12:05
She encountered many hardships murder of other neighbors in the settlement and frightening encounters with Aboriginal visitors,

Unknown Speaker 12:14
or farm tools that time were made by hand even the plow. They used a team of oxen to Blue pull the plow through the fields and planted an extensive orchard.

Unknown Speaker 12:27
In 1875, her husband left to go to Nanaimo. This lady was extremely Reliant and attached to her property here. She remained on the island with her son and manage the farm. In 1944, she passed away at the ripe old age of 104.

Unknown Speaker 12:55
I want to mention at this point in time that Ellen White and Joanne Bailey will be doing a presentation in February Black History Month on the early settlers on the black community who arrived here in 1859 and 1860. And I just think this is a marvelous picture of her with her harvest of apples from her orchard.

Unknown Speaker 13:30

Unknown Speaker 13:51
The first feature that we're going to look at in our presentation today is Bertha Bertha tradekey Daken Bertha was born at Beaver point in 1884, to Theodore triggy, and Susanna George. As a child, she attended beaver point school. Bertha used her inheritance money to further her education, and she became a teacher, and she even taught at Beaver point school from 1904 to 1906. In 1908, she went to sand and BC, a thriving mining town in the interior, which has since become a ghost town. Upon her return to Salt Spring, she taught chin 10 children at the Robert McBride private school in Fulford harbour, and later she worked as a substitute teacher at the Burgoyne Valley School.

Unknown Speaker 14:43
At the age of 27, she married Robert strelley Daikon, a boat builder who also worked on the site tech when it was running between Fulford harbour and Swartz Bay.

Unknown Speaker 15:03
They lived on Morningside road by the area near stole Creek. Bertha was a creative and a talented woman. She painted for her own pleasure and is remembered as a skilled sower who also do beautiful crochet work. When did a mother of five time find the time to do all this?

Unknown Speaker 15:22
Sonia Johnson

Unknown Speaker 15:24
remembers her grandi telling her but they save the best for last best Bertha Amma Susanna Tracy

Unknown Speaker 15:41
whereas far Are

Unknown Speaker 15:44
you don't know where the painting is? Oh,

Unknown Speaker 15:47
the original painting is what you're wondering.

Unknown Speaker 15:51
Or do you want the Go couch we just go back to

Unknown Speaker 15:55
it far could you talk on it?

Unknown Speaker 16:27
Kate Furness was born in Nanaimo in 1876. Listed as Kate but always referred to in the write ups as being Katie. The family moved to Salt Spring where they farmed in the bore going Valley and where Kate attended the Burgoyne based school starting in 1881, when she was only five.

Unknown Speaker 16:49
So this is a picture of their farm.

Unknown Speaker 16:54
She showed great potential and qualified as a teacher when she was 16. Later upgrading her certificates the first school that she taught at was beaver point school apparently taking over for somebody at the end of the year because they weren't as good as they should have been.

Unknown Speaker 17:13
In 1896, she moved to North End school which is this the picture of the school and came back.

Unknown Speaker 17:21
They thought very highly of her. His quote taken from the Friday December the 20th.

Unknown Speaker 17:28
A very enjoyable Christmas Christmas tree entertainment was held at North End, nearly 100 were present and the school room crowded. Miss Furness has been a most successful teacher from 1896.

Unknown Speaker 17:45
a year late her unfortunately, she resigned owing to ill health. In fact, what happened is her father passed away.

Unknown Speaker 17:53
And again, they mentioned she believed very much missed. She was obviously very well respected and well liked. She went back to get to normal school to get her teaching certificate, which she obtained in 1990 that she then went on to teach at Burgoyne base school at the very school that she had first started out as a student. And it's a little teeny quote here. A concert was held at the Burgoyne bass school where Mary Miss furnaces teacher, Friday, December the 12th. The object was to raise money to provide an Oregon for the school, about $30 was collected. So obviously she was very, very much involved in in the particular community at that time. Unlike many other women who retired from teaching once they married because they were snapped up by bachelors.

Unknown Speaker 18:48
Kate went on to Kamloops in 1905 where she met Stuart wood and had four sons, but she continued to teach. She's an excellent example of a successful Saltspring Island student who went on to be a very effective teacher. And I have to thank OSHA for most of the information about her and OSHA has a lovely comment. Kate furnace a furnace clearly had a vocation to be a teacher

Unknown Speaker 19:31
Florence Grove Hepburn

Unknown Speaker 19:42
One could almost expect that a child that grew up in a lighthouse at Prospect Point, and daily trekked across Stanley Park to attend school would have an extraordinary life. And Florence Grove Hepburn certainly did.

Unknown Speaker 19:58
Excerpts from a letter

Unknown Speaker 20:00
Written by the Secretary of the divide school board athlete describes Florence's dedication to her teaching, not just when it was written in 19 in 1936, but it could be said throughout her career when she until she retired in 1973.

Unknown Speaker 20:20
Dear Miss Grove, it was with deep regret that we accept your resignation as a teacher of the divide school. During the last three years you have been with us at the divide, you have discharged your duties more than satisfactory to the school board, you make great changes in the appearance of the school brand. By planting flowers around the school. The children have also changed for the better in manners and appearance.

Unknown Speaker 20:47
As a teacher we would consider it would be hard to find your equal in BC.

Unknown Speaker 20:53
By your natural gift of teaching children, you enforced order in the school as it should be enforced in any school. The children all like our teacher, and we have made remarkable progress under your guiding hand. We look upon you as our dear friend, we desire to thank you for the trouble, inconvenience and expense that you have gone to to entertain the children of the divide. By order of the school board. W Crawford Secretary

Unknown Speaker 21:29
Florence brought that same dedication to all aspects of her life. Our family is fortunate to remember her as a loving mother, a doting grandmother who readily shared her love of learning. Thank you.

Unknown Speaker 21:59
All have more was the granddaughter of Saltspring on and pioneer Thomas mullet. She was obviously very gifted as in terms of her academics, she won the Governor General's Award. While she was at school, I was searching out information on the internet I found a references cert to her and UBC she was an assistant to the Department of classics in 1929 to 1930 and involved in the classics club. She completed her BA and teacher training in 1930.

Unknown Speaker 22:34
She went on first to teach school in the rural area of McBride then Maple Ridge in 1939. Before coming back to Saltspring on and though she actually joined the Air Force in 1943 and became a wireless operator

Unknown Speaker 22:52
came to Saltspring on in in 1945 and taught first at consolidated Elementary School and later at the secondary school. She retired in 1964. After 34 years of teaching.

Unknown Speaker 23:07
She was known for empathy and care of students. And she wasn't turned well respected and loved by them. Furthermore, she got involved in church work. She was a member of the net local United Church since 1925. She supported the food bank, a shelter summer camp, open door and as part of the church Women's Association worked on the world development tea and operation eyesight.

Unknown Speaker 23:36
A Barb remembers her as being very polite and a little bit reserved. She was a description in a paper that came out in 1994. She was described as being a whole Christian person, joyful, generous, caring for others with never an unkind word. Spending her life and service in the classroom. The church Air Force and the community and the shots I believe are taken on our 85th birthday was it Sue Do you remember

Unknown Speaker 24:13
oh is it oh sorry.

Unknown Speaker 24:16
Back what happened?

Unknown Speaker 24:31
So it wasn't tea instead.

Unknown Speaker 24:34
It was an iPod. Oh, okay

Unknown Speaker 24:48
there we go.

Unknown Speaker 24:52
remarkable woman.

Unknown Speaker 24:54
Okay, and on to the next group.

Unknown Speaker 25:00

Unknown Speaker 25:10
I'm Jane Manson Mowat, affectionately known as granny Mort was born in 1859 in the Shetland Islands, she and her husband Thomas emigrated to Saltspring. Buy in Nanaimo. In 1884. They purchased a farm on Trip road and preempted 153 acres on St. Mary's lake. They developed and ran a successful farm as their family grew.

Unknown Speaker 25:41
Sadly, in 1898, Thomas died and left Jane with 11 children to race. She continued to farm the land with the help of her older children.

Unknown Speaker 25:54
In 1907, Jane and her son Gilbert James bought the Malcolm and purpose company and renamed it GJ mullet and Company.

Unknown Speaker 26:06
Recognising the need for a Methodist Church in the north end, she drove up and down the island in her horse and buggy, which you can see here to raise $650. In 1908, Jane became the postmistress and continued until her death in 1935.

Unknown Speaker 26:28
A new store was built in 1911 and 12.

Unknown Speaker 26:36
And Jane ran the Ganges in also known as Granny's boarding house during this time, which was housed in the original mullet store.

Unknown Speaker 26:46
Mort store has remained an expanding family business throughout its first 100 years. It is said that granny Ma was kind and helpful in the community and was known as the social services of her time. Her motto was, Hate the sin but love the sinner.

Unknown Speaker 27:21
This elegant young lady is Sophie King.

Unknown Speaker 27:25
Born Sophie Purser in 1880. At beaver point, Sophie married Leon King about 1900 Leon was a horse logger and built boats. Sophie worked with Leon and she also built boats as well as their home and she loved her garden.

Unknown Speaker 27:51
Now Sophie used to do more than garden and build boats and build a house and help with the logging. She also used to bottle venison and she sold it to the bunkhouse cook at Bowman sawmill at Cushing Cove, a very entrepreneurial lady.

Unknown Speaker 28:08
Sophie had six children.

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And you can see some of them in this beautiful photograph

Unknown Speaker 28:15
down at the beach.

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Now, a woman of many talents, Sophie learned to carve and whittle while she was boatbuilding, and she began carving sculptures when she had time on her hands when Leon went fishing.

Unknown Speaker 28:31
At 61

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She began carving pieces of driftwood that she collected from her beach

Unknown Speaker 28:43
most of her carvings were of animals. Sophie searched the beach for pieces of driftwood that had natural crops that reminded her of a particular bird or animal. And tourists would travel for miles just search out Sophie and her carvings. They would beg her to sell them but she didn't have the heart to instead.

Unknown Speaker 29:05
At 84. Sophie sold her home and her collection of carvings to Bob Anchorman to be held until he built his Southend Museum and her carvings are there today. Now in this last photo, we can see some examples of her work the horse's head and the figure above the gate and some others. So this is Sophie King, an amazing Salt Spring woman

Unknown Speaker 29:40
so can meet Kimiko Mira Kami, she was the daughter of commando Sookie. Sookie and Rio Ocampo.

Unknown Speaker 29:49

Unknown Speaker 29:54

Unknown Speaker 29:55
so right

Unknown Speaker 30:00
Yeah, well I can go on.

Unknown Speaker 30:03
The family moved to Saltspring from Steve's den when Kumiko was five years old. They also visited Japan in 1911. Mr. O'Connell returned to BC when Mrs. Ocampo stayed on to give birth. After her child was born, she returned.

Unknown Speaker 30:22
That's good. She returned to Canada, but left Kimiko and her sister in Japan with their grandmother, in 1919. They rejoined the family on Saltspring to farm with their mother and father.

Unknown Speaker 30:38
Tamika was the first woman driver on Salt Spring and drove to sell eggs from the family farm to more mullet store. And she actually was known as terror on the road

Unknown Speaker 30:57
in 1925

Unknown Speaker 31:02

Unknown Speaker 31:06
I'm only I'm only touching.

Unknown Speaker 31:11
Yeah, I know. In 1925, she returned to Japan, where she met and married katsuyori near Academy. They returned to Canada in 1932 and purchased the farm on sharp road, I actually want to go back, which became known for such high quality produce, it was so actually sold to the Empress Hotel

Unknown Speaker 31:37
on February 26 1942, the war measures that changed their life and they were ordered to relocate to the BC interior.

Unknown Speaker 31:47
They then went on to Alberta where they farmed sugar beets and later opened a restaurant.

Unknown Speaker 31:55
In 1954, the mirror Academy family returned to Salt Spring, they bought property on Rainbow Road as their property had been sold. Their former property have been sold. They reestablished themselves by farming the land and selling vegetables from their well known

Unknown Speaker 32:17
farm stand.

Unknown Speaker 32:20
When Kimiko died, hundreds of people gathered for a celebration of her life

Unknown Speaker 32:27
and the passing of this remarkable woman of dignity and strength of character.

Unknown Speaker 33:07
Okay, now we're going to talk about to business women

Unknown Speaker 33:14
on Saltspring in the early days

Unknown Speaker 33:19
and, and Henry and Henry Stevens and Mary Amanda and Joelle Broadwell were two couples who are neighbors in the North End and very instrumental in the community. On your left, you will see Mrs. Stephens

Unknown Speaker 33:37
and her husband

Unknown Speaker 33:39
and these are the broad wells here.

Unknown Speaker 33:43
Now and and Henry Stevens were from Devon shear, and they came to BC on construction of the CPR. They arrived on Salt Spring in 1884. And first they settled in Ganges harbour, but then they moved to central settlement. They donated a half acre of land to build St. Mark's Anglican Church, which was consecrated in 1892. And the farm later became known as Church Hill Farm.

Unknown Speaker 34:12
And and her husband adopted one son Walter, and we see him we see him here, and one daughter, Eva Jenkins, Walter and Eva, later married and had a large family.

Unknown Speaker 34:26
Mrs. Stephens.

Unknown Speaker 34:31
Mississippi Stephens had run a railhead camp for the CPR, which gave her very good experience for running the Stephens boarding house.

Unknown Speaker 34:42
The charge was $1 a day or $5 a week. And in 19, in 1892, Reverend Wilson called the place roomy and home like with accommodation for 12 guests. Here you see some of those

Unknown Speaker 35:01
And Mrs. Stephens

Unknown Speaker 35:03
in the middle with her daughter, Eva Jenkins and Mr. Stevens here

Unknown Speaker 35:16
I don't have that information.

Unknown Speaker 35:19
All I know is many people who came to Salt Spring had journeys on their way here, and I'm not sure why.

Unknown Speaker 35:29
Okay, now Mrs. Stevens was known as anti

Unknown Speaker 35:34
raffles party who taught at the SU Vyas later Central School, from 1885 to 1897, roomed with the Stephens until he bought land, and Harry Bullock, you might recognize that name. He rented two rooms for five years while his very large home was being built.

Unknown Speaker 35:54
In this photo, actually, a number of these people were instrumental in the building of St. Mark's, and I won't spend a lot of time telling you who they are. But here's Mrs. Stephens.

Unknown Speaker 36:06
And here's Mr. Stevens.

Unknown Speaker 36:10
And raffles party, I believe. And here's Eva Jenkins. And a number. Well, there's Charlie Bettis up there. Anyway, a number of people in that photograph might be familiar to you. Mr. Stevens was known

Unknown Speaker 36:26
to be a very good cook.

Unknown Speaker 36:32
Yes, and when all the young men would go there for dinner on Sundays, she would charge them 25 cents.

Unknown Speaker 36:45
Now we see the Stevens and the broad wells in their later years, with Eva Jenkins and Walter, who later married together. Now, on the right, are the broad wells, Mrs. Broadwell.

Unknown Speaker 37:01
And American, married Joelle Broadwell, an Englishman, and they had two children, Joelle Jr, and Ana Laura, and they arrived on Saltspring. In 1882. They bought a large farm that extended from the west side of St. Mary Lake to channel rich, which used to be called broad wells mountain.

Unknown Speaker 37:21
In 1892, the broad wells created the largest store on Salt Spring in their central settlement home. Mrs. Broadwell ran the store until her health failed, and her husband was the island second postmaster. By 1894. The Broadwell results springs largest land open owners with 1260 acres.

Unknown Speaker 37:47
Mary Amanda and Joel were an important part of the social fraternal and commercial associations of the north end. You can see here that they were neighbors of the Stevens because remember, the Stephens gave half an acre of land for St. Mark's

Unknown Speaker 38:03
and their St. Mark's.

Unknown Speaker 38:08
Mary, Amanda and Joel gave up the store in the late 1890s, but Joel continued to run the post office, and then he opened a second store in 1900. Mary Amanda Broadwell died in 1901. Joel moved to Vancouver and Elora married Henry Caldwell and stayed on the island. Joel and Joel Jr. Both died in 1909. And they are buried at the cemetery here at Central as his Mary Amanda Broadwell. Two couples to business women, two good neighbors and two good friends

Unknown Speaker 38:50
I should just stay up here.

Unknown Speaker 38:54
So Francis Nona Crafton was

Unknown Speaker 38:59
known as known by her family and friends. She was born in 1879 in Sioux Sainte Marie Ontario. She was one of 10 children. There were five boys and five girls. She arrived in Salt Spring in 1895 or six with her mother and siblings to join her father who was some first resident Anglican minister. As one of the five Wilson daughters. She was a welcome addition to Salt Spring society.

Unknown Speaker 39:30
She married Fred Croft and in 1903, who had recently purchased Jack Scovilles Ganges area farm in 1904. Nona gave birth to the first of her seven children. The names of all seven children began with a D.

Unknown Speaker 39:48
In 1916, when her husband Fred went to war, she and her brother Norman converted their home called harbor house into a guest house in the early

Unknown Speaker 40:00
dais Mrs. Craft and did the cooking, gardening, preserving and sewing of most of the families close.

Unknown Speaker 40:07
homestyle hospitality was offered to people from all over the world and the harbor house reputation grew. Rooms were 250 a night and tents were set up every summer and were $16 per week.

Unknown Speaker 40:24
Between the wars harbor house with the center of social and recreational activities, the management of harbor house was a family affair with Mrs. Croft and at the helm to direct her family, the staff and the resources required.

Unknown Speaker 40:41
Francis known a craft and died in 1951 at the age of 72. Truly an amazing woman

Unknown Speaker 41:01

Unknown Speaker 41:03
that works better. Emily better.

Unknown Speaker 41:07
Now that's a familiar name, isn't it? Better is road better speech?

Unknown Speaker 41:11

Unknown Speaker 41:14
Emily Adelaide Bettis was born Emily Adelaide Purdy in the United Kingdom in 1852. At the age of 19, she married Samuel John Bettis. And a year later, in 1872, they traveled over the ocean over the land to Nebraska to farm.

Unknown Speaker 41:37
Raffles Purdy was Emily's brother, and a teacher. And he joined them there in Nebraska, and convinced them to go west and then north. So they did go west to San Francisco, and then north to Victoria. And while they were in Saanich, they met Henry ruckle selling AIX and Henry suggested that they consider settling on salt spring.

Unknown Speaker 42:03
So in 1884, they preempted a quarter section of land south of Ganges. They lived in a tent until their house was built, and they clear the land without horses or oxen.

Unknown Speaker 42:20
Emily bore five sons and three daughters, two of whom died in infancy. She adopted one daughter as well Myrtle

Unknown Speaker 42:31
by 1890, they had a well established orchard with 40 acres I'm sorry, 40 varieties of apples

Unknown Speaker 42:40
from cuttings that had been embedded in potatoes and mailed from Ireland.

Unknown Speaker 42:49
The children went to Beaver point school built by Samuel and their oldest son Charlie, and they built a number of the important buildings on the island at that time. Emily was a skilled midwife, and she passed on her skills to her daughter DC, and you'll hear more about DC in a bit. Now Samuel bed has died of pneumonia in 1893, one month before their last son was born.

Unknown Speaker 43:17
widowed, Emily Bettis had seven children to care for, and a farm called the wilderness.

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In 1900, her sons built her a bigger house.

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And when they left home, Emily started in early guesthouse.

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Emily died at the wilderness in 1919, at the age of 75.

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She was a remarkable woman. She could have been categorized in our presentation as a pioneer as an orchardist a businesswoman or in healthcare because she did all those things. And that's an amazing Saltspring woman.

Unknown Speaker 44:10
So the last of our women of business are Simone and Paul that Shawn Tulu, who were born in France in 1907. In 1910, Francois Shona Liu and his brother in law, Paul beyond, arrived from France to fulfill their dream of owning a large farm by buying 160 acres of the north end of the island

Unknown Speaker 44:34
at the age of four, Shimon and Paul that along with their brother Johnny came to Salt Spring. Their mother died in 1911. And they were adopted and raised by Uncle Paul beyond and his wife.

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The family ran dog wood poultry farm, which produced eggs stressed chickens and sold fruits and vegetables locally.

Unknown Speaker 44:59

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nursed her Uncle Paul until his death in 1938. The farm was left to his sons with the expressed desire that C mon and Paulette be allowed to live out their days on the land.

Unknown Speaker 45:14
C mon took care of the chickens and selling the eggs. While Colette confined to a wheelchair as a result of polio, did the bookkeeping for the farm

Unknown Speaker 45:26
at the age of 90, Simone Shan to lose still kept 90 chickens and continued to sell their eggs.

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This one didn't work.

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It was done by ring road or Efrain road Efrain road

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here's a name that will be familiar to a lot of you.

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When ruckle was born, in 1931, two parents Gordon and Lotus ruckle when attended the beaver point, one room school at the south end,

Unknown Speaker 46:14
when worked very hard on the family farm, from washing sweet turnips at the age of eight, to stroking hay as a teenager, you can see her here up on the left upon the machinery, she learned all the farms history, the way the buildings were built, the natural landscape and the vegetation of the farm

Unknown Speaker 46:36
when was inspired by the beauty of the land, as you can see in this photo,

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and she had a natural talent for portraying it.

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When became an accomplished painter,

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and you can see some samples of her work here. There are many more examples in the halls of Greenwood and in her mother's home and in other people's homes as well.

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A true sense of the west

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of Salt Spring Island. And here these are Wolfen Heimer apples, Harry just in case you're interested, not Wolf River when told us very clearly in an interview one.

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Now Gwen was also a renowned and constant knitter of sweaters using record farm wool, that was first carted five times and then spun by her mother lode Lotus. And these sweaters were so popular that in spite of never advertising, there was over a two year waiting list to get them. And anyone who has one now considers it a true heirloom.

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Now reco farm, as you know, became a BC Park, land donated to the province with a lifelong tenancy for the record family.

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When's amazing knowledge of the land and its history are very evident in the government research and planning that was done for the handover of the farm. When shared this information and knowledge with many visitors to the farm, including this little one, and the two little lambs here. In fact, there's a wonderful video of one of her talks in the barn at ruckle that you can find on the Archives website and I suggest you look at it. It's fascinating.

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This is a photograph that Lotus really enjoys looking at

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when Rachael was an amazing Saltspring woman

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it was a

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rainy day down the farm and there were people in the audience who had

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talked about now on slide two.

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We have a technical problem here

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Now our first amazing health care worker is Miss Annie Calhoun, who was the first matron of Lady Mental Hospital

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which opened in 1914.

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Some of you somebody wrote out some of her duties here. Trimming the wicks cleaning the chimneys, the oil lamps feeding wood into the furnace, cook meals for the patients wash dishes. Takes

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Here's the woodstove and I thought these rather trivialized what she really did. She did 24 hour nursing care. Of course, up to six patients. She managed a brand new building a new hospital and also in a new country. For her. There was no electricity, a totally inadequate water supply. Sometimes she had to bucket it, and only one orderly to help her in the 24 hour.

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She left in 1915 to serve in the armed forces. She was wounded at the O

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Allah Allah, Allah La Monica hospital, where she was stationed, and when it was mom, she was not injured but she was awarded several

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medals for her work and at that time, where she picked up a grenade and took it out of the building to save your patients lives. She married Frank Croft and an England and returned to live on Saltspring she was the most decorated

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island during World War One. She received the Military Medal, aquatic air, the Serbian medal, and two service medals.

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Our second amazing health care worker was easy the Sutherland shown at the back there.

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She's graduated at University of Edinburgh. I think in about

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1906 She married a classmate Dr. Thomas Cavanaugh set up a practice in Liverpool. Doctors having suffered from ill health so they moved to Bella Coola. Dr. Cavanaugh died in 1913. She remarried and moved to Saltspring with her new husband, Billy Sutherland. In 1918. She became the resident doctor at lady mental hospital.

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And I think it's quite remarkable a number of young women that she had learning some health care skills, although I don't think any of them went on to become nurses but they would certainly be better mothers and wives.

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She lived in practice at the corner of Charles Lewis in the Fulford Ganges road just up from the old hospital, and the house is still there, I believe. And their husband operated the launch, and he took her to the outer islands as she did all the school

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health inspections.

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She gave up her practice in 1930 as a result of a severe deafness that impacted on her work. And she died at the age of 94.

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However, she stayed here just long enough to deliver one last baby. And I don't know if that baby's here, but it's Bob rush.

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Our next amazing health care workers Oh to see Avetis

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at the age of one she and her family arrived on Salt Spring. During the first summer on salt spring after Bettis has established a garden. Emily was horrified to discover Indians eating her carrots and peas. dz who must have been a very young child ran down and started to kick the leaders shins terrifying her mother no M. However, the leaders thought it was a great joke and laughed at DCS behavior and that the party returned to their canoes and paddled away.

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This is father died at age 42, leaving her mother Emily to raise a young family on her own. DC when she had finished school, moved to Victoria and trained as a nurse in an interview was when he walked mo in 1959 DC said that she found great pleasure in telling the sick and enjoys her experiences under Dr. RB Robertson, and other early doctors. After graduating Gacy get home nursing on Saltspring in the other Gulf Islands, often it was necessary for her to travel by rowboat, canoe or horse depending on the distance and the terrain. She was well known as a midwife in the Gulf Islands and took great delight in watching her babies grow up. Her nursing career was somewhat curtailed in 1919 when her mother passed away and it became almost a full time occupation to run the homestead. She died in 1964.

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Barbara Hastings came to Salisbury with her husband Warren and Lyft watch now Hastings house.

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She was appointed to a special committee to plan for a new hospital building in the 1950s when it was very obvious the old car

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spill was no longer suitable. She was elected to the Board of Management, and in 1958 was elected as board chair. She campaigned vigorously on all the islands to secure the vote for the new hospital. She met fears of and hotspots, often hostile opposition, especially on the outer islands.

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In 1956, the referendum pass 69.7% agreed for the new hospital.

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She was forced to leave the board due to bylaw changes, but was reelected and served another nine years. She was named an honorary like member of the leading mental hospital board.

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she came to Canada from England at age 17. At 2006. She trained to the nurse at the St. Joseph's Hospital in Victoria, moved to Saltspring with her husband Doug, and her daughter, Elizabeth 1981. Doug worked earlier BC Ferries as an engineer. She spent 30 years in full for taking care of sick neighbors, doing whatever was needed. In 1958, Betsey spren started a hospice organization in her name to continue the work she had started with her neighbors. The Bessie Dane hospice is still active and supportive of islanders today.

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as he was hired in 1941

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as a janitor at the lady mental hospital,

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there were many concerns expressed about a woman's capacity to split wood stove the furnace take the bodies to the morgue.

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But Betty Drummond fought for her on an almost totally male Board, who never thought it woman could do this. Anyway, last his duties grew along with the hospital, she went from janitor to general help are in the garden and on the wards. And in 1958, she became a nurse's aide at the new lady mentor. She worked for 37 years lady mentor retiring in 1968 6078.

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She was a founding member of the trail and nature club.

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Betty Brahman, the longtime volunteer and supporter of community endeavors did in 1984. Lastly, dogs was the best thing that ever happened to lead him into hospital.

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Next, we'll go on to leadership and different areas. And the first one we have here is Mali acreage.

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And many people here will recognize Mali, not only by name, but by the many, many things that she did around the community. Born on the mainland. Molly was one of twins, Molly and Betty Morrison. And Betty came to the island as well and married math Mowat. So she was an islander as well after that point.

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In the early days, Molly and her twin Betty came to Salt Spring for a holiday while their dad was building a cabin on Scott road. And it was at that time she met Bob Eckerman. And there are some stories if you read the Aikman book that Bob's written about his family in the early days, and it tells us about these young bucks from Saltspring going to the harbor house to find young women that would come visiting. And this was Betty and Molly. In 1938, Molly and Bob married from 1940 to 1958. Molly was very busy. While Bob was out earning a living she was raising 11 children. But that didn't take keep her from taking part in sports in the community. In the mid 1950s, Molly organized a married lady softball team. And in the book, Bob talks about how proud he was that he was married to an act of woman and if you know any of the Aiken Eckermann progeny that come after you'll know that act of women from the a command family are still part of the community.

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Molly played for the Fulford lady's team well into her 70s My husband tells the story about in the early 80s When he used to umpire the games, and he would be standing and Molly would be pitching and one of the Aikman boys would always be standing behind him and he said he was always just a little bit nervous. They were keeping an eye on their mom.

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Molly was named the most sportsmanlike player and best pitcher in the BC recreation league at the age of 71.

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As Bob began his collection of First Nations artifacts, Molly started the collection as well, and she had adult collection. And in the years when I was at Salford school, many's the time that teachers would take the kids down to Molly's place, both to look at Bob's museum, but also to see her amazing collection of $1,000. When she passed away, the grandchildren were able to go and take a doll from the collection. And my granddaughter is one of Molly's great granddaughters. And in her class, there are three of Molly's great grandchildren. And I think if you went to just about any class around the school district, you'd probably find at least one of Molly's descendants. They're an amazing woman in sports.

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This lady was a controversial, amazing lady on Salt Spring Island. And those who were around at the time will remember that born in 1929, in the Peace River District of Alberta into a French speaking family of nine girls and eight boys is that trained as a nurse in a convent school. She married Phil Valcourt and moved to Langford in 1948 while Phil was working in logging and in sawmills if that worked hard, raising 11 Children 10 natural and one adopt a child. They moved to join Phil on Saltspring island in 1964. At first develop ports lived at Manzo farm and worked in the Fulford Valley, that later they moved to their home on Park Drive, just below where the upper village center is, but in years gone by was known as Valcourt center because they were the ones that built the the the building there, they built a lumberyard and a hardware store and started the complex where the GVM is now. But what is that is most well known for was her foray into local politics during the time when the great sewer debates were on. If you read that was two years ago, I think it was was the 20 year anniversary. Well, it must be longer ago than that. I found something on the internet the other night about comments that Tom Toynbee made about that particular time in history. And he said it was like Chinese water torture. And and I believe that to be sold because if that was like a pit bull, and she had in mind that there should not be a sewer. And the big boys in town thought there should be a sewer. And boy was the fight on. My husband was chairman of the school board at the time. And he the board had a report that if that wanted, and she would go to the meetings and she would say I want that report. I want that report. But they would say no, I'm sorry. That's not for public release at the moment. Well, one day she came to our back door and hammered on the back door and wouldn't leave until the door was answered. And she was told yet again. No, I'm sorry. That's not public information yet. She got into her car, she threw it in reverse. She stomped on the gas and rent promptly into a tree.

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It never stopped her first second, she put it in drive and off she proudly drove no matter what side of the sewer debate you sat on it that can be recognized as the person who never backed down and who was never shy about speaking her mind on Saltspring Island.

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We're just about at this.

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We're really close.

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But we can't miss Margaret Cunningham.

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When he's coming, there we go.

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Margaret Cunningham was born on Saltspring Island. Her father was raffles party that you heard about in the baddest conversation a little earlier. And she was the niece the Samuel and Emily Bettis, she was raised on the family farm of veredus Road. After finishing high school, she went to Victoria Business College, where she qualified to be a stenographer and taught shorthand at the age of 16. She returned to the island for the summer in the early 30s to keep her sister company while their mother went to England, and she offered her services to Molex for two months for free. She was hired by Molex and worked there for three years until her marriage to guide Cunningham in 1936. And she raised her family just down the road in the Stephens boarding house that you also heard about a few minutes ago and raised their voice and their daughter there later in life.

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When Central Hall became the movie theater right here, Margaret would walk to the hall and play the piano for the patrons. And I don't know if any of you remember at one time, they had to change the reel in the middle because the the old projector wouldn't hold the whole film. So they had to change it partway. And Margaret would play the piano and entertain everybody. And the kids that would be at the theater would hoop and holler and clap and she'd get up and she she'd do about and that that's one of my fondest memories of, of 30 years ago on Saltspring.

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And the last one, we're finally at winning.

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When he really wants to be heard, where are you winning?

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When he walked off Horrell lotman were her other names moved to Salt Spring with her Salt Spring born husband, Howard Horrell in 1924. The office she operated a logging outfit with her husband, and here she is driving the logging truck. standing under five feet tall and weighing less than 100 pounds. She often took the other end of the crosscut saw and cut down trees with her husband. She also cut cedar shakes. She could size up a 200 foot tree, estimate its value in the footage, the quality and the age of the tree, and knew all there was about the logging business. In the 1930. She also worked as a warden on Pierce Island, and pierce Island is that little island when you come out of Swartz Bay, and it was the place it was a holding tank for the Dukkha bores when when they were

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in difficulty in the province. That's where they were imprisoned.

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When he

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built what I loosely termed the first affordable housing on Saltspring Island.

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It was called Winnie the Pooh. Winnie the hill as you went down. Thanks, Sam. As you went down cushion Lake Road on either side of the road were little house little cottages. And actually if you go down there now there's still two or three of them. They've been remodeled and added on to but little cottages that were there and she did it.

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And she rented them at low cost to war vets and other people who were down on their love for low rent. And we have a little video clip for you.

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That's been trying to play for the whole day.

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Okay, here we go.

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Ah, this is winning now.

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I've got your pay for your normal, nice bite.

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I want you to make Mr. Fred Davis. He's been waiting to see I'm very happy to meet you. Nice to meet you. Okay, why don't you make yourself comfortable? Then I'll go in and make a profit T.

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Davis, what could I do for you? I just been looking over your private housing development. And actually, I'd like to find out how it all started. Oh, well, about 18 years ago, this August, my son and I had this piece of property with an old broken down cabinet. One day an elderly man came along and he wasn't ready to live in. However, he offered to help us fix it up. So it was done. From that time, we both realized my son and I that there must be a lot of old people looking for cheap accommodation. That's how

Unknown Speaker 1:08:41
I understand your rents run as low as $6 a month. What are the highest rents you get for these dwellings at $25. But we only have one at bat. I would say that the whole 25 cottage is average around $5 A month was profit net profit, not by the time you paid the taxes and insurance furnitures pay general upkeep. But we don't quite make ends meet sometimes.

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I'd say it's a very generous gesture.

Unknown Speaker 1:09:08
Well, yes and no, you might call it that. But I like to think I'm helping a little and I enjoy the work. And I guess you could call it selfish to for i get a big kick out of it. If you have any other private housing projects like this. No, I don't think you'll find another one like it anywhere in Canada. However, there are about a dozen

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in the in the hole of DC for elderly people, but there are real plans, housing projects. What we have here

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are useful makeshift I'd say well, maybe. But seriously, Mr. Davis. I'd like to see this problem tackled on a national scale with planned communities all over Canada for elderly.

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Few of us realize how badly they are needed. It's a crime. The number of Oh

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All people that are living in the basement and attic room. We Canadians can do better than that Mr. Davis

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you could see why Winnie wanted to keep popping out there, she's gotten a message. So that concludes amazing women, women of Saltspring. Part one, we've tried to be correct with our information. And if there are any errors that you know about, please let us know because we'd like to fix it up. How does one choose who to include? I have to tell you that the day we started to brainstorm names, we started at one and we had to get out of the library at five o'clock, because we were shutting the door. And we just kept writing and writing and writing and writing. Our women are not the Nellie McClung of the world. And yet take any one of these women, or any of the others we have on future list out of the mix, and a little piece of the fabric of Saltspring. His missing. Communities are like patchwork quilts. Each piece is unique and adds beauty and a different flavor to the whole picture. sewn together. They provide warmth and security. And that's what our collection of women has done over the last 150 years. These 28 women and many others that you'll come to learn about in our future presentations are ones that we are proud of, and that we as we did the research we got more and more excited about. We welcome suggestions for further presentations. There's a suggestion box down at the back. And anybody that has a passion for a particular woman, or I heard a suggestion earlier. How about the man,

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particular man that you think that we should be doing a presentation on please let us know. We thank those who sponsored us in getting the grant and Charles Kahn and others who have published books that we have used in our research and Barbara Woodley for allowing us to use some of her photographs. And thanks to those who get given their time to put this together. Sue Mowat who is not on the list yet because she didn't miss meet that first criteria.

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She's here she's an amazing woman and she's going to come up and answer any questions that you might have. Come on

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Well, yeah, but you're here

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Yes, anybody got any questions? There we go. Here's one

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thank you

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I think that's because we're an unorganized territory

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that that was changed. i It made me feel that we really need to honor these pioneers.

Unknown Speaker 1:13:39
Good point.

Unknown Speaker 1:13:41
Thank you. Yes, Tom. I noticed that the red golf course name was spelt with an E. Yes, I noticed that too.

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I'm sure we'll speak to Frank

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are you waiting Jean

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Oh, good.

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Presentation. They're all very

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let me tell you a little story. Then. We were talking about one person and it was said that this person was a bee and I won't say the rest of the word because we're being proper. And we talked about well could amazing women be old bees as well and we decided that was possible. So perhaps we could do that.

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We'll look into a gene

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Yes Nancy

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when a

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single man

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in our

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this sort of salmon through the years.

Unknown Speaker 1:15:40
Thank you, Nancy, we should make sure that goes in the archives

Unknown Speaker 1:15:51
Yes, it was. And there's another piece about the fire the women's fire department in the SU Vyas, actually, we should have one day as

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a program with the Archives has a copy of the whole program.

Unknown Speaker 1:16:10
A lot of those excerpts are on on the website of Saltspring And a lot of the pictures are there and the follow up. So all of this is part of the archives presentation which

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parts now the manager very Davidson was one of the founders of of the collection, and our collection continues to grow. I can say just the other day yesterday, as a matter of fact, we got all of

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Marsel sharps, negatives 30,000 of them

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to have a look through. So we have a whole new collection coming. So we are gathering things as we go. Our archives is basically the visual audio archives, we're not collecting materials, particularly, but that they are there and you're welcome to go down and open a couple times a week for public to go in. And if you have family, and you want to check back through your family history, there are things in the archives that may help you. So that's why this presentation was made was to take advantage of what we had and to share it with you people. Basically, we're open Thursday morning, when the library opens at 10 until 1130. And we're open Monday afternoons

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and somebody back there

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56 Frank says

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Rose has her hand up there

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did you hear that? He'd say no.

Unknown Speaker 1:18:08
It'll be it'll all be on the website. Yeah.

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Have ones you might be interested in.

Unknown Speaker 1:18:26
They have the capability of doing photocopies of some things. Yes.

Unknown Speaker 1:18:31
And you can just stick them right off the website and download them to your computer. Do you have a computer? All right. Thursday? Archives, yes, they can help you out.

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I think we all want a cup of tea. Yes. Tea and coffee have served up front here now. So thanks very much for wonderful presentation.