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B.C. Tugs

Bob Spearing

Bob Spearing showing slides of tugboats that served on the B.C. coast and on the Interior lakes during the past 150 years.

Accession Number Interviewer SSI Historical Society Address
Date February 13, 2002 Location Central Hall
Media tape Audio CD mp3 √
ID 161 Duration




Unknown Speaker 0:11
People are sitting right behind me prefer to stand up, it'll somehow encroach down or something. So you can see are we with this mike? Who's Who's got the controls? Over here, I'm sorry, asked us to do that. Meanwhile, I'll get going here

Unknown Speaker 0:53
try it from my seat

Unknown Speaker 1:02
to talk to the spice shop systems. Can you hear me? Yes. Okay. All right. My topic, then is the relationship of tugboats to the development of the British Columbia coast with one or two sideburns. And the reason that I felt this was an important history to record is that type of loads in the mainstream of British Columbia development, where like the corpus falls into the bloodstream of our body. Very involved in most aspects of the development of the code. So let's have a look. Morning, noon and night. Even today, my tugboats moving things up and down the coast. This is a morning scene up in Prince Rupert area. We've been talking toying a march load of containers that carry cassiar Asbestos down to Vancouver for transshipment overseas. That run is now finished because the cassiar Mines This is a tugboat coming into Victoria. This is another thing that's a thing of the past because we had sawmills in those days that produced hog fuel ships. And I'll explain their use later. These barges were brought in to carry away those products. And this is a concrete joining a lot boom past Dallas road Victoria. And of course, blog movement is still going on on the coast. A lot of the methods of moving change have changed. The very earliest type boats were actually vessels that were built for other purposes and converted to use this. They weren't actually dedicated and built this type of this is one good example and say, boat cola Diana, that was used by Captain stout mill inside of Port Alberni when he had a big sawmill Where are his big for those days and he needed something to tow sailing ships in and out of hell Burnie inland. We purchased this vessel for towing here I used it to tow but it up it's also used as a connection between learning Victoria highway. The old Hudson Bay trading vessel Eva built in 1835 in England, sailed out here under sail and rigged up with steam engines inside wheels which you carried out here was later converted into a tugboat actually used as a tugboat as well as a trading vessel Bunsen may company but in the 1870s it was purchased by other owners and converted as you see here. This is on the cook's ways which is a sign of the point of shipyard in Victoria Harbour now this vessel the Alexander was built by McAllister The brothers and what's called McKellar skirts folly proved to be somewhat of a folly. The home was built up on the Skeena river using Yellow Cedar was cut right there on the river. They took a sawmill up, cut their lumber and built a hole up there and toned it down to Victoria. And the machinery was brought over from Britain sailing ship installed in the ship in Victoria. This vessel code sailing ships in and out of Victoria. Berard inland before Vancouver was even created. Later on, it was purchased by the done spirits to tow sailing ships to either coal mining dock and the archer Bay's. However, it was very hard on fuel. This was the following part of it, I guess. And the result was and even the done spirits couldn't afford to run it was later converted into the sailing vessel and went out whaling and an eminence days as a part of the British Columbia coast. The vessel you see here was for many years of pride and joy of the British Columbia coast was built for the Dunsmuir mining coal mining company and called the lord named after the Marquess of Lauren, and who was actually a friend of Robert Dunsmuir. And actually, he died before this vessel was completed launch his songs around the company and used it as a tow boat later went through changes of ownership and was scrapped in 1937. The gentleman you see in the picture here were the members of the first crew of the heart. The flooring was mainly built to tow sailing ships into and out of DC ports and existed in those days. And she had to be built very sturdily and also very large, in order to go to sea to pick up the sailing ships. So here you see her in a storm. And this gives you some idea of the seaworthiness that was necessary because these types had to go out 30 to 60 miles out in the Pacific to pick up the sailing ships, because if they came in closer than that, just under sail, and got caught in the call the currents the prevailing currents would set the money to shore up the west coast of Vancouver Island, which was then known as a graveyard in the Pacific. I'd like to read this article from the Victorian times of December 21st 18 Nikkei two type of Lauren which took the river Ganges to see yesterday spent last night at the key and a terrific night it was a tuck was swept by the seas and one of her lifeboats were one of them, I should say picked up the big boat hanging on the port Devins. That's the lifeboat that you see on the ship and carried it away. The targets completely glazed over with ice several inches thick. And there is six inches of slush on her deck. So you can see that the conditions were pretty rugged at time. This is a picture of the Lauren on the drydock and Prince River. This is under the ownership of the Grand Trunk Pacific. And you'll see how deep and narrow vertigo was and how large your propeller was a 1212 foot wheel. And this gave her tremendous toys. Even in the 30s She was known as a terrific puller, you'll see a picture of her towing logs that gives you some idea for capacity. The type here is the pilot. It was another early type that was purchased by the gunsmith and told sailing ships. It was actually built to toe sailing ships over the Columbia River Park originally, and you'll notice on the back or steering of the vessel Have a little Caboose hooks here. This was because for a time it was used as the passenger and freight boat between four ships between Victoria and Nanaimo before a regular passenger freight service was established. This picture was taken in Victoria Harbour and just out of interest. This is part of the old songhees Indian reserve buildings. This isn't a Marine Hospital, set up there to look after sick Americans. And now next door was a lunatic asylum, which was later moved in Westminster. This is what these Turks were looking for, they would go out off the kick seeking because in those days, there were no radios on the ships. This happens to be the power mirror.

Unknown Speaker 11:01
It came here in the 40s during the war, to pick up green for Australia and New Zealand. Ships like this. TaxMan out after this is the Camier game code under the Lions Gate Bridge. Same trip. These pictures were taken from the island commander, which went over the major. This was the first squaring chip that I ever saw. My grandparents lived in West Vancouver and one day I was heading over there and the West End Theory is just a young boy. And she was tied up with the grant elevator in North Vancouver. Sometimes the Turks could handle two shifts at a time, folks particularly like the Lord had lots of power for their day. And sometimes three shifts. You'll notice that that was on three individual toll lines. Unlike today where they use one full line and pennants, totally arches or whatever in line. And here we have an herb retired, helping to dock a sailing ship. Actually, this sailing ship was being brought in to be strictly for masks and rigging and converted into a barge. The name was the William dollar coin of the specific phone, which is a diesel, some of these old code that was in my 30s Pardon me in the late 20s 28 years old. The Turks also told the ship's backhoe to see this is a picture of the PAM here taken from the total Snohomish which had cast her loose on Cape Flattery. And this was in a somewhat of a Yale and as she crapped on the sails, she does learn off into the sea. And you can see how she's punching through the waves caused by the strong winds. The Turks had to be nimble and get out of the way when these vessels start to move. And there were cases where the ships actually ran down and more modern touch are still involved in moving ships that, for one reason or another, have lost power. This is the island sovereign, starting to tow the ship as an island, down the Pacific coast to California to the converted into a cruising ship, the former Alaska ship ran out of Seattle. And here's the sovereign again, has picked up this Greek ship the analysis which ran out of fuel out in the Pacific. In the 50s. We had a rash of these ships ran out of fuel, usually owned by Greek ship owners who realized that fuel was cheaper here than over in the Far East and so they skimped on the fuel and they ran into a storm they ran out of fuel had to be towed in. Nowadays, trucks are more involved with docking ships. And these are two Navy tags that are specially designed for docking types. They're what are what are known as water tractors. And these particular ones have vertical axis propellers that have, instead of being a propeller at the stern, there's one on each side, about midships along the whole, and the blades go straight down by changing the angle of the blade so they can get high power, forwards, backwards and sideways on either side. So they're very, very maneuverable. Other types of tractor targets and said pillar tuck. This has two propellers at the stern. But they're on coasts something like an outboard motor propeller. And these posts can be turned 360 degrees, so the propellers can push almost any direction and almost full power. They've come a long way. This is another one that's station that Roberts Bank C span discovery. And it's two sister types Natalie Cole carriers and containerships that Dr. Chi two this is Ed pillar. This diagram gives you some idea of how much more power can be applied in directions other than four and a half by the track your time on the right hand side as opposed to the more conventional drugs the left center so they can see that the power can be applied much more strongly sideways. Now let's look at the role of tugboats in the lumbering industry or I should say the timber industry. This is a view of all River Paper Mill. Things have changed considerably since this was taken because now they shut down the pulp mill. But they're still making paper areas in bulk from other mills. But you can see on the right hand side locked rooms, so the raw logs come in there. In the center, you can see March loads of probably wood chips or could be hard fuel as well. The wood chips are ground into sawdust it's made into the hot fuel. It's used as fuel on steam boilers. And on the left, you can see a covered barge, which used to be carrying the products called River that Hoover's where they are shipped either by rail or DC show. The Beaver ended her days as a log tiller. However, log coin was only part of her duty for duties. She also carried supplies as you can see in the forward end of the ship, and also oxen, which they used to drive the law to the woods, up to the counts, and of course loggers as well. In those days, type boats have passenger licenses, so they could carry a limited number of passengers legally. Nowadays, you don't find that the tugboats also towed machinery to the logging sites. First of all, when the sites were being cruised, and the plans made to lock the sights, the tug split off and were used as watertight seats to take the cruise Kimber cruisers and construction crews up to the sites. Then they would bring barge loads and machinery to open the logging operation. They would bring in supplies to keep it running, they would take the products and then when the operation was finished, they would pick up the equipment and take it to the next site. So they're very involved in coastal logging. This is a rather unique type of it's called the proper name was a union, but it was called the sudden jerks. The reason for that is it's unique on par with this traction engine that you see. Fast down on the deck. It brands from a series of Sprockets chains to the battle wheels, but it had no clue Ah, no reversing here. So when it came time to stop it, they were in a hurry, they threw sacks and the IRS jammed them shut down the whole rig. Now they tried coin logs from the Pitt river down the Fraser River with this contraption, but wasn't too successful. So it's used more for curing bales of hay and things like that. It was used also in burning lead for what we call yardie. Coin logs from a storage area through the mill, such as Hastings mill or moody analysis mill of North. Turks are also relied heavily upon by hand loggers, these men got leases on hillside steep hillsides like this. They moved in their float homes and the larvae by cutting the trees on the slope with the idea that when they fell, they would shoot down into the water and then they would just have to move. Occasionally they stuck. And if that happened, they used a huge Jack called a guilt request Jack Jack them up until they got clear of whatever obstacle was there and then shot them on the water. This is a tough burn. At this time it was working up in Fazzino.

Unknown Speaker 21:28
Cornell This is another type of belonging to the cliff towing company towing an Avery much of the logging that the handle loggers couldn't handle was handled on steep country by a friend. What they would do the establish this at the bottom of the slope, float, have another a frame up on the hills top the top of the steep part of the hill and then run rigging from one to the other, bringing the logs down on the skyline arrangement using these aprons, of course, each time the show types we have catering trucks are also used on our legs. This is a type called the DC or Westminster boy. And it's working in Lake College. You'll notice here that it's using what we call bag of logs where the booms are just odd loose logs surrounded by boom sticks that are chained in.

Unknown Speaker 22:47
This is the Lauren thinner log doing things. After the sailing ships were taken over or put out of business by the steamships. She went into log toy. Actually, before that, you actually get arched coin and then win it tomorrow. But this gives you some idea for capacity for coin flat. And the amazing thing today is that a token it's 65 or 75 feet long with the modern power plant can handle about the same amount of along as this 150 foot Steve. So she was powerful in her day, but today she wouldn't be considered. They also use sternwheeler for towing locks, particularly in the rivers. But this one worked out of Vancouver harbor towing marks from our sound into the mouth of the Fraser River, called the Hamlin was actually built for the Skeena river trade when the Gold Rush was on there, but that Peter note was brought down to Vancouver. Eventually just for love joy. And I came across a couple of articles in the paper saying if you see an odd looking booth, going backwards with a talk, don't be upset. This is just the handling because with a steering wheel of history these boats actually tote that are backwards with the line to the ball. This is another one that worked on the Fraser River, bringing logs from the storage areas to the Fraser Mills, about Westminster. It's called a Senator Johnson. And here's the Lauren. This time throwing logs again but joining a Davis route. These routes were constructed in area is where the water was too rough to cold black rooms or flood graphs, such as the Queen Charlotte Islands, or the west coast of Vancouver. This gives you a better look at the Davis route. They constructed it by building a carpet of lugs, you might say that we're overwhelmed together with wire and they piled blocks on top of them. And finally, when they got this cigar, or round sheet, they put heavy chains across fast on either side. This made it much more rugged unit. And as I say that the handle much rougher water and a flat type area such as fully, which was a World War Two American ton, Nikki Nikki class is gone. So here is our two other graphs that were more or less copies of the Davis rap. And on the west coast of Vancouver Island. They include across the bar out of midnight Lake into the open Pacific type drawing and this is a lander. Many of you are old timers on the island to sculpt vital interior libraries. Number one, the Higgs brothers use the cylinder in a free service to the fotor Gulf Islands. The tug here is the Pacific honor alongside or is a barge called the this game. This was a steamship home, that was one of a fleet that were built during the latter days of World War One. But the war ended before they were completed. So they were tied up in Lake Union until 1924, when a captain Wingate got the idea of hey, why should we be going large in the water, we can put them in a barge faster, and told them more safely. So we converted this this was the first conversion of about 10 calls. And this is her when she was raped for towing logs. She had a traveling crane that traveled on the rails that you see on the side of the ship back and forth, and then loaded the logs in and then when they got to the port where they wanted to discharge and unload. However, it did get away at times and run up and down the tracks who's being towed. So it's got to be a better idea. So this game, the second one, they converted, they put this high rigging arrangement with 10 holes on either side, and the rigging between it could also work the large unload. But it was an unwieldy, slow process. So Alan type came up with what they considered a better idea. This is the island forester which is a steal hold sailing ship. And they mounted three modified locomotive, steam creams on the show, and then they're loading and unloading. Then in 1954, somebody suddenly came up with the idea. Why are we picking these logs off with cranes and so on when we could dump them. So they created the pile number one pile number two, which were self dumping log barges. The way they worked was Cersei cranes motive the barges and when they came to where they wanted to offload, they open belts let water into tanks on one side of the barge outside saying down until the lock slipped off theory didn't only slip up and then the barge would rise and water the holes are left for water anyway, but the water out of the tank and they close the valves March should be ready to go. So instead of taking days down, these barges unloaded in 45 minutes this is another one this is a barge created by Alan tank out of a tanker Both from Lake Maracaibo in Venezuela actually converted Nicolas six of these into log barges and one into a railway barge. And I think you've inherited the railway barge. Ganges harbour looks to me like the islands cruise. Anyway, they put in site tanks and use the same dumping procedure and these barges worked well for considerably long time before they built more modern next development was this barge with this type of barge with floating cranes, so the barge could load the logs on didn't have to have shoreside facilities and then when they came to where they wanted to launch in the water again they just use the self governing principle are released March has got so big that just use the idea of letting water into the tank letting water spill out of the tank so they have pumping systems to pump the water into the tanks was the island yard this is the C span forester which is the largest self dumping self loading mod barge. And as you can see carries a small forest.

Unknown Speaker 31:34
Then, one company that Novotel decided they were going to solve the power, self loathing self dumping margins. So they built this one first behind a monitor. And they built the second one the height of grade, which is a smaller one. The only trouble with these is if there's a longer straight, Windsor close, they're useless for anything else. And so all their power plant facilities are tied up. Whereas with a token barge, you can try to barge the tote, which is the more expensive unit you can take off somewhere else. So that's why the other companies didn't follow suit. This is a rather different arch. It's really just a raft with a lock pen built around it and it was used for towing shingle holes. Most of you know how cedar shingles and shakes are made of cut bolts and then you split them to make your cedar shingles and shakes when these bolts were cut in the woods, brought down to the dock here and is put on this conveyor and dumped on the shingle crib as they called it towed to the mills where they were kind of shingles and shakes are split and this is the pile of forester after her period as a log barge they converted her Curie cod fuel or wood chips. So the game used or distance are being called but that gives you some idea of the sale and ship home to which was very good for toys. very streamlined track rolling. And here we see some loads of chips going into Powell River. The light colored ones were probably for Hemlock and then a flurry one got cedar on to darker wood and the tugs were also used to call the lumber from the mills to the BT dogs to be loaded onto Eetzi freighters. This is the tonality number two which todo Vancouver on a very pretty spot and this is the tech respond coin heavy timbers kind of general obey down the Victoria probably for us in building wooden freighters or wooden Tillery scooter which we did in the Upper Harbour of Victoria and this is the taxi giant and it is towing the barge that was used to bring paper from the ocean falls Mill Valley to the Fraser River are in a Vancouver harbour to be shipped away and deep sea ships. That's all gone and all because of the sun falls shut down and In Touch, we're also used to bring supplies to the pulp and paper mills and to take away the products, railway cars. If the products were to be shipped back east or somewhere where they needed rail transportation, this is a touch swell. Now let's look at toxin the fishing industry. And here you see it took bringing in a large load of fish that probably came out of a fish trap. We'll talk more about that shortly. This is probably in Steve's on the Fraser River. Here we see a little combination crater and title called the squid, inactive pass towing a whole fleet of dugout canoes and Indian boats. These would be the cannery workers going from the various Indian settlements on the island to the Fraser River to work in the canneries for the canning season. And then the at the end of the season, they bring them back the same way. There was a bit of controversy about this tray. If the weather was poor in the Gulf, they often used to stop that Sterling's may or obey in that area. And there were episodes were some of the natives of North Shore and they had a real good technique of raiding potato fields. Apparently they could dig out the potatoes and still leave the plant standing. So there were complaints by the island residents that when they went to dig their potatoes in flats, but nothing underneath, they finally figured out where they got where the data was and this is Sue Carver and this is the involvement of tugboats with fish trap. These are the pilings that they used to construct the fish traps along the coast of Southern bend. These traps were started in 1902. Trump's fishing right up until 1958. A much smaller number in the later years, Todd would take out the one Tiger take out the box. Another type of take up the pile driver and what they call the capping scope, which was the platform they use to build the trap on the cloud. So the diagram of a trap is exactly like this but the idea of is to build a fence to cut off the migration. We're going to finish converting them into these parts keep you confused till we got into the pot trying to get out of that didn't end up in the spiller which had a very narrow entrance. So the chances of the fish ever getting out of there very, very small. Then spiller was rigged with a wire mesh bottom that they could live with a boom on the tugboat. One of the packer and the fish would be spilled out into the barge for the packer alongside and take it to the Calgary they had a watchman shack on air because the American opportunists would come over and fast boats and break these traps. Steel fish usually in our in watchmen later this is what a trap looked like from shore defense men all that structure out in the water, unfortunately, focus better

Unknown Speaker 39:21
and here we have the total Hopkins spilling. spiller can see all the wiremesh Otto was brought up for scroll along and at the end of the season, they didn't usually leave the droughts there because the storms would destroy them. So they would take them apart and this mechanism called the tile floor that would pull the piles and pull them back into suit Harvard and pull them up on Western spirit and leave in there for the next Season. Some of the pilings are only 200 feet long. It's this idea that they were working. Sometimes in those early days were built as combination type boats and fish collectors. Or some of them were actually built so they could pull as a tugboat or tow the nets as trollers. This is one called them the Roy. See the big troll winch here. It was used to haul a troll net, but could also be used to blocks of coins to haul in total. totes are also used to pull fishing boats in the days when the Gilman errs were not allowed to have power their boats. So they will either have to sail to the grounds or be turned over. The season usually opened at six o'clock on Sunday and closed down at six o'clock on Friday. Texas door on collect up the votes on Friday, bring them in so they could treat their notes and so on. And then take them back out on Sunday night. Then in the meantime, the torch would take barges around or scholars around that were caught loaded into them and take them back to the camera. This time here is the binder. If any of you have been to college a couple of odd diviner and they converted to a Yat Sen call the Delta was used for various purposes connected with a cannery to hear in spring articles a fishing this type of milk at night, the Korea scanning system I made a trip from Victoria to the fifth river when I was 99 years old. However husband very much changed

Unknown Speaker 42:22
but the basic hold still still particular was removed of course. This is a tugboat that is built as a fish Packer as well as the toy. So in the hearing season for example, when they needed a lot of Packer capacity it would go on charter and carry fish. The rest of the time it was mainly employed in the seat me three and this time the skinning it was built to turn the spigot oil free in a clean trailer. So it would take hard to collect oil fish, which is herring culture it's bringing them into the oily here, it would be rendered down on the fish will be taken to Vancouver. It ended up as a ferry running between Vancouver north now we'll look at tugs at the mining industry. This is a large type freighter called the any ox and at this stage of its life, it's built 1917 And it was used for towing sailing ship vaults full of more than that you can see it also carried or in its hole. We bring the order down from Antiox Berlin canal usually to the coolest folder. This is one of the talks. On this trip. We Antiox went down to San Francisco I picked up this whole COVID answer to be used in that oratory. As you can see, it was at the time when you were just building the Golden Gate Bridge. Just put the tables up but they didn't have the decking or the rest of the bridge. tugs are also used to troll folks of course, this is not the lady's code. This type is called the Edo void, which was originally American. Spent a lot of its time going through the moody pizza Nelsonville in North Vancouver and eventually went into the general going trade can see the a sailing ship often should be used for carrying cool usually for cooling ships. And here we see a hawk alongside the original embers of India which was CPR ship ran because after the Oregon here, this is the march mode of cars of coke, which is roasted coal. And this was a union bay where they had coke ovens roasted the coal and the coal was used in the smelting process I believe a lot of are left to trail the smelter in Tokyo it's called the Escort number two and the master towing domestic coal that was used to heat homes and buildings in Vancouver and this probably came from Union as well. The master and speed preserved as the last remaining steam cut up the BC Coast wouldn't steam contract for BC COVID represents an era that is fairly long gone. And here we see the fury streets going the whole of the old Princess mokwena called the Taku or from Tacu mind which is up in attack River in northern BC. This portal was taken down to Tacoma or ship to drill

Unknown Speaker 46:48
this is the tag strap. Strap was going line rock from tuxedo Island to fabric to be used in making some

Unknown Speaker 47:04
this is Sudbury to join the island exporter which is securing landmarks of fixator Island down to the Columbia River to apply outside of Portland, we learned that river when they make some trade is still going on gradually

Unknown Speaker 53:19
simply a barge with cylindrical tanks on the deck. Later they built barges with tanks and the whole This to me is one of the most amazing pictures I've ever seen on the barge man ever got out on deck took these pictures and didn't get washed up I don't even see these barges when they're loaded we're very close to the water. Here's another more modern and larger field of art similar to what you see today on the island of Victoria Harbour and here's one fueling up the provider which was Navy supply ship replaced by protector and this is a more honoring development that instead of putting the barges when the weather is suitable, the tugs get into a slot that the stern and push the barge This is more efficient, more speed and operate more efficiently as long as the weather when the weather is too rough, go back into the building. And here we have a time working on construction. This is also another part of the flooring industry and curious the filter experience which I believe there's not going to be WR right See

Unknown Speaker 55:05
here we see a tiger tending a dredge and ocean falls when they are building the pulp and paper. There are seven types called the third question. It's named after the Berquist family at the Sydney air

Unknown Speaker 55:26
rumble rock used for maintaining shorelines preventing erosion the tech join a box and the Captain Cook. We bring forward these barges blowing up tanks of the concrete fixing plans for the island and the Ireland bursary type is used in constructing the pipeline to the crosswind Smelter. This marks is powdering structural steel offloaded in Victoria to take the construction powder used for driving piles for building work to see which I understand Cornell and this was a rather tragic construction project. The idea was to build a concrete case onto this floating drydock in Esquimalt harbour to be towed up to that point to encircle the piers that I can point. Well, this was the first case on and unfortunately the world drydock just couldn't take it. So they ended up constructing the one greenways on the shore and watching the white ships and putting them together as a partner. And this is the calling day and halts Creek working with a crane barge in the construction of the new county street cred. To track his or other interesting history, it has a steel hole on the top of one of the house workers a wheel house in the captain's cabin, the type of prosperity which was a weekend scheme. So it's sort of put together jobs and coats also help farmers along the coast this darkness fella

Unknown Speaker 57:56
was used to go out the night Coleman River near the US border securing a and supplies up to the farms in Toronto apart from us

Unknown Speaker 58:10
either on this is a typical little handy dandy harbor coast. It's called The lobby is actually built on the site of the causeway trying to tell the younger so tell Victoria that I put it in here to show you how simple tags were in those days. Basically all the shelter's not really a comfortable house. steam engine, the boiler, not much else. The beauty of that was if they saying they could pump them out, raise a pump and fire them up in a way they do. One of these multimillion dollar talks today if you bring it up and take it into a shipyard, you have to strip everything out because nothing works after it's been underwater. So we begin to wonder which is progressive. Know this is the way your courier used to be transported off and on Saltspring island. So I take her lunch and go over with one of these little scholars and get driving aboard. Hopefully you can find the landing on the other side. So we got back and forth until 930 When they reconstructed the island Princess into the Cytec automobile theory. This was actually from a trip and I think it was 1928 Bob Cuthbert Percy Horrell decided they do a bit of touring. So they took father's car. This is how they got to the island. because there is also a miners very unreliable it was powered by tucks. In this case the alert, later a type called delete to carry miners from downtown Nanaimo. Across the protection Island when there was a working coal mine and brought them back again. The company was good enough to loan it to the community also they have moonlight dances, picnic party, Sunday or a day off, they could use it. And some texts are actually converted for other purposes for a period of their life and then often converted back into title especially as a partner that you saw in the picture with the sinking case on there. Whenever we run as a passenger ferry on the Sunshine Coast passenger freight ferry last year. This was another way that you got your goods from the mainland to the Gulf Islands and Vancouver or the Vancouver barge transit transportation company. When we moved here, my family has differently interior 1940 floor and our furniture had to come over on the leaves because there were no trade barriers in those days. To transfer your furniture or goods from either trucks or trains into these barges brought over a number of trucks. And also the connection the railway connection between Vancouver Rome the mainland was maintained by these railway car barges. Also the connection between Vancouver and the head of household in Squamish, came by car barges before they put the railway to first up. This was a CPR barge that was sort of a Rube Goldberg arrangement and decided that they could not carry not only railway cars but also cargo holds down in the arch so we couldn't be loading and unloading grapes on the barge. It didn't last too long. This is a modern version of the railway car barge. This unfortunately, this barge is not at the bottom was the Gulf of Georgia. This is the barge that

Unknown Speaker 1:02:45
got loose from its time in December and it's washed up on Windows laptop Island was built to China photo here this week up with a tight pushing in a notch Western I believe and other ones being going to bear with me I gotta go to capillary or slides more then I'll gladly entertain questions. Someone's giving me like two or three rows here.

Unknown Speaker 1:03:47
Brother in glorious job and textbooks was taken off the garbage. This is a garbage barge compliments the city of a Korea. They used to tow the garbage going through the Strait of Juan de Fuca open side doors and the bottom of the containers on the barge slope to the garbage can slide into the water and occurs when there is a good southwest winds wash up on the beaches and fennel is really done for many, many years. Somebody said it right up in the 60s. And then we finally got into the landfill arrangement. The breach you see here is the swing span that was used by the ENN railway on the site where the Johnson Street for instance today was replaced. tucks are also used to lay cable internet or to be on the radio chatting they're tending to brico Rico was actually the owner of a trawler called the shutdown. Auto Bild bought by the BC telephone companies in the US, three companies at cable large some of you may know it as the restaurant that sits on the beach at any neighboring dinner before that there were other barges in fact going back to the 70s. At that time you saw the cold dock and ladies tenders a barge with a cable reel on it was laying and really cable between the islands here in Santa Ana. Picture also his rather odd jobs. The two great types the

Unknown Speaker 1:05:46
restless. The one on the left, often were used as fisheries patrol vessels for a while. The talk on the far left is the Hong Kong and it was always mentioned this time it's the restless again. And it was used for a period of time as a naval artillery vessel and as a

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hydrographic survey. And finally, it reverted back to a token that burned up in signage convey Sonic tanks are also active in the war, World War Two. This is the Herald which was used as a inspection vessel on site. According to Michael vessel approaching is going off the ladder how big or small to have to report to the Herald fire across the bow and this darkness Muhammad was originally built as a US Coast Guard basted toward Angeles to do rescue work later in March, hearing the war concert in the Aleutian Islands actually kind of under contract for US Army supplies. This is a scene in Esquimalt harbour and what we're looking into now is the role of types of salvage. This is a tank Alexandria with a two smokestacks. And on the other side of her it's a copper down and the copper down is the wreck of a ship called the new Matilda new until it was an American ship that grounded between California and Esquimalt or Victoria. And coming up the coast, I should say Maureen Calvin's letter lottery and the cruise passengers escaped in lifeboats and flung your river which first settled area that they could vote. However, we made two crew members couldn't get into the lifeboats. So they, they were put on a raft.

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And of course, they couldn't go anywhere to speak up. But we didn't get very far from the wreck. And they noticed

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that seems to be blowing. So they went back to the show. And they raised the sales because in most states, the passenger ships all carrying sales for emergency purposes. And they managed to sail the boat off very a call here called the Wellington came along and they pitched the code coded into a scrambled harbor saying before they could get it alongside so they had a real mess because this was just off their dock that they used all the time. And it took them a long time to racist so they tried various methods on a capital white love in California came up constructed this copper down in the foreground and you can see a squared owes sailing. This was one of the sailing scholars. These were the early ways that they got free up and down the coast, particularly through the Gulf Islands here between Nanaimo Victoria. A lot of coal and other produce, livestock and so on were carried on sailings. This was Stage fright of the salvage fleet. Victoria sold, built in Scotland and Nikkei 20 pilots hastily and sailed out here and did many many salvage jobs that are still really amazing. Someday I hope to be able to write a book about the salvage industry on the east coast because it was really dramatic. This was the kingpin of the whole operation. And unfortunately, she went back to Scotland during the war. And I came forward 42 Seconded by the British Isles and was wrapped in a score on the northeast coast of Scotland. This vessel that you see on the right, ATR 13 was the replacement for the salvage game. I could never figure out why a salvage company knowing the superstition of Sandler's particular neuron 13 Whatever accepts the console without designation. Anyway, during the war, she worked on a Scotland and was very happy in the preparation for the Normandy landings. So here you can see her alongside a case that was taken in and some shelter the floating docks called the mulberry set up that they had in Ireland, the Aegis ships, cargo personnel, well, here she is, is a salvage team. And she lived up to the number 13 Because on her very first job, she sprang a leak, headed up to pick up a ship, and she sprang a leak and had to come back and then another sister ship that was used for going logs to send a message is how she ended her knees 1973 tied up at the docks in Victoria River. Fire started in the foxhole, she had steel, next would call a steel firm and couldn't get through the next. With waterings into the total US Department under control, she finally

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in the dark. Here we see a little cut fighting the Pierre de fire in Vancouver with a rather small fire hose.

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But this little talk was the Charles H case. And she did play a very important role in that she was able to sneak in under the dock and pick up a firearm that got trapped and had to drop a little bit because the doctrine was trapped there. So she didn't say the light and she didn't put up much higher than the fear was destroying. The other vessel on the right hand side is a salvage tag called the HELOC, which was part of the specific solving Street for doing small salvage jobs. Chip in the background, Lady sympathy are related to see the end of the Union speech. This is another union steamship that ran aground near sidewalks rock close in the background, you can see the salvage, cheap, cheap and I should say, working on the job trying to raise this vessel. Unfortunately, the salvage company couldn't seem to get her up. So she was sold as in his words to a veranda meat packing operation. And his idea was to raise the vessel and use it to distribute meat on the BC coast. Believe it or not, after all the efforts to salvage company, he did manage to raise it so badly damaged that it has to be scrapped. And here we have the results of the ship collision was first Barrows, Gardena Princess Elizabeth, and had to go over to the barge. This is a telescope that we use for transporting mud from the dredges and they used it as a platform to go in and ships apart. And here we have this mom and she again. She had to go down off the California coast to pick up the late sickness, Canadian greater than that become disabled. was injured from surgery famous goal of the Macedonia which was listened to by radio listeners all over the world by an angry battle and the surgery had to go out and pick up the disabled children in a broken propellers

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shop about the Aleutian Islands and bring it back to Vancouver. And the Sudbury again, coin rest rescuing shiplap coasts of the west coast of Vancouver Island.

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She had become disabled and was being swept off to the reefs managed to get her anchors down. The cemetery on the island challenger went up with lights on her. And as you can see, she's almost on the rocks to the wastewater is reached and she came very close to being grounded on the reefs and lost completely.

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We also as I showed you before have touched fight fires, although some of them are much better equipped than the Charles

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H gates. And they're also used for ceremonial work. In this case, it was the final farewell to the lighthouse and Lloyd vendors so it served this coach for many many years and was finally going away to Japan for scrap pile and rocket joined here with fire nozzles going fight any serious fire to Victoria Harbour and she's still there.

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Standby fireable. Tax also need a worldwide reputation and with this easily to feast by going obsolete. American Navy ships to Japan for scrapping. This is a submarine to these electric submarine not to exceed three, bringing in a aircraft carrier called the USS Guadalcanal. And this aircraft carrier had quite a history during World War Two, it was the first American ship to live capturing a German submarine Bible but the crew managed to get aboard the submarine, the morning crew and stopped him from the struggle. The Guadalcanal, Kota Parkway across the Pacific was picked up by an American coast to the east coast of the US at Newport News. And then later, it was put up through the St. Lawrence Seaway system, and at no arrests outside the Chicago Museum of Science and Industry. The commander on this ship when this was all taking place was gallery gallery became an admiral US Navy. He was based at Guantanamo naval base when the ship was being towed from the Hudson River, thrown through the Panama Canal and over to Japan for scribing. When he heard his old ship was coming down the east coast of the US, we got a helicopter to take them out and land them on the deck. We spent several hours just going through the ship and reminiscing

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and then was picked up and taken back to the beach. The Dutch type coin This ship was also trying one other light and during the tour across the Pacific, the tow line caught on with the color of the COVID disabled.

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So another Dutch tag was sent out, picked up the edge tags it was disabled, one carrier submarine to is diverted. It was on its way back from Japan to Victoria and was diverted to pick up the other one that Pacific and the courier had a writing crew on it. Letting go six months so they're mighty glad to see the suffering too, after drifting around the Pacific. So this is a picture of suffering to delivering the ship in Yokohama

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harbor. Japan. Types also have to go to the rescue of other types.

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This is the bird cheap aground on the reef that's just about Musgrave in such a narrow, efficient manner. airier to buy both probably know the reason the lady loves to cross away. Tags also inspire pagers. This is a slide that I took off the oxygen point darks quite a windstorm during the night ladies versus a pager that this painting of it

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was one competition this is another type docking cruise ship docks This is painting on the seas medications. This is a painting by another artist called the island commander, built in 1912 as a steam trawler, and later in the 30s converted to a diesel tag. Still around still toying.

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And this is a picture of a submarine that now resides in Victoria Harbour in the Russian submarines went over to these Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia. I think this summary of both of us minster where it was an attraction for the world

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also inspired cartoonists. This is a synth Baron cartoon. And what he was laughing at here was the suggestion by Harold Elworthy, a violent Titan barge that he was finished with BT codes for the surgery to sisterships the Cambrian saw more. So if premier Bennett wanted to start a ferry service between Swartz Bay and Slauson, he could buy his tux and turn them into ferries. So this is barons idea of

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that type of turning into a Terry and also Alan kind used to provide types for reporters to vote on the Swiftsure race to get the picture.

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So this is the Ireland Mixmaster taking the recording so because they're supposed to be getting pictures, but

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I think most of us would have been hanging over the railroad. Tracks also inspire and playground people. This is a little plastic, Google kindergarten steel. technologies play a lot and historical. And this is a piece of art. It's in the Vancouver International Airport.

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I call Lucille after Lucille Johnson, who is a woman, very successful technical executive recruiter. And I quotes are even used on science this is a taco from Okanagan lake on the highway advertising this is the tag when it was launched. Orchard city number two and thanks inspire model builders. This is a brand new and cold model

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and even inspired model builders to build self loathing, self dumping rockburn this discharge the cranes will actually pick up bundles of logs and load the barge. The barge by radio control as you see it here. Lots of love and the other three do control cycles code breaking into the short it's all done by radio control all hands on. And if you're smart you can build one of the CO your own. This This fellow stronger shut. It's a very amazing person to be Listen lady Smith. And he doubles touch now for companies that are contemplating new new technology and QuickBooks so that they can test out the technology without having to build a real thing. You he also building ships. Pilots can operate by radio control to learn colleges. It's gonna help dismiss going early experiences control merely see a set color type that actually works like a real one factor on a conventional type. They're talking radio controlled cargo ship. And in the foreground you see a radio control frigate, which is what's the predecessor of sentry one, it was actually converted. Tags also were turned into yachts outlived their usefulness and boy, this is the old queen, which unfortunately sank at the dock and Victoria Strait of Georgia on this one is still going to succeed Greece later labriz see dogs takes like the Greeks and forming a special area of interest for people who buy these little things. So they have get togethers where they bring their

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former wonders of SCADA systems ladies and finally, it's just time to go home. This is what a speeding truck look like going home here. This is the antithesis coming into first Narrows and it's obvious that either someone's going to heavy gate waiting for them or the banks about the clothes or something but they got full power on

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and burning this queens are listed on a public school or sometimes it's time to go back on the job and do another one leaving large freedom and who knows what the role of banks in the future the BC Coast may be