Correspondence from 2013
I am trying to find the names of the settlers who cleared the fields and built the barns in what is now Burgoyne Bay Provincial Park. This information may be available on the Historical Society's web-site, but I was unable to find a way to start searching for it, no doubt due to my less than stellar computer skills.
I would be grateful for any names you could give me, or a direction to begin looking.
Also, I am interested in the Native Cowichan place-names for areas of south Salt Spring, around the Burgoyne Bay Park and Mt. Maxwell. Is there an on-line list of these names? I have tried contacting the Band Office in Duncan, and they said they would get back to me, but haven't done so.
Burgoyne Bay was Originally pre-emted by John Maxwell and his partner James Lunney
The Cowichan placenames are at:
I will be working on the pronunciation of these names soon.
Greetings hist' ry buffs, Maxwell was preceded by James Shaw in 1859 but he was made unwelcome by First Nation owners and forced to leave ..along with others ..Maxwell married Cowichan woman, Mary, from Clemclemaluts and was permitted to stay. Maxwells cleared most of the land using industrial machinery (first of its kind inBC) beginning with gusto in the 1880's...for ranching and mixed farming. He built the farmhouse (used as post office)..Present day buildings (with the exception of Richard Maxwell's house, and outbuildings at park entrance) were built by the Larson Family from the US who purchased the entire Maxwell holdings in 1940's..tore down old Maxwell barns (at least two) and original farmhouse by the bay...., felled the orchards, built concrete flume on Fulford Creek and focused on dairy and beef ...More detailis in my manuscript Cultural and Historical values of the Burgoyne Valley (or something to that effect) which I prepared for Friends of Salt Spring Island Parks for BC Parks which should be archived somewhere.
Hello Frank N.,
Thanks for the info . I have checked out the two sites you sent. I am very interested in the history of the Burgoyne Bay, as I spend a lot of time there painting & sketching.
I am working on a series of large oils, which I call "Xwaaqw'um". Briony Penn gave me this name, as the Cowichan name for the Burgoyne Bay, meaning, "Place of the Mergansers "(or Sawbills). I am glad to see it is the same on the site you sent. I have been using (for my paintings) the name "Hwmatet'sum" for Mt. Maxwell, which is spelled differently on the map you sent.There are other names close by, "Shwuxwus'ule'a" and "Q'iq'uwutum", which I would like to know more exactly where they apply, as it is hard to tell from the map.
(My paintings, by the way, are not photographic depictions of the place, as paintings of that sort hold no interest for me...better just to take photos, I think.)
Looking through the names of Salt Spring Island roads, I noticed that there is no info on Sharp Road. My parents bought a place there in 1972, which used to be part of Mrs, Murakami's family place (Eto). I know that the road was named after a Mr. Sharp, who lived on the property my parents bought. Later(?), there was a Mr. Wakelin, who died there. Of course, the land was expropriated during the war. It's too bad that road isn't called Eto Road, or Murakami Road, or even Little Tokyo Road, as the small, very fertile valley there was known at the time. My parents' place is on the old portage route coming from Booth Bay, which went through to Ganges, so there is a lot of Native & Japanese history at that spot. My brother, Michael Hunt, lives there now, & would probably know more about the history, dates, and the name Sharp.
I was in touch with you some time ago about Lumley Road, which isn't mentioned on the list. Now , what's left of it (the bottom half has been privatised, and closed to the public), has become a walking trail, not possible to drive on, but it is still called Lumley Road. I have been trying to keep this name "on the books", as there is a neighbour who is busy trying to erase its memory. It is named after the Lumley family, Hawaiian settlers, part of the Harris family, on Mountain Road, & was a connecting road between what is now our place & the Hawaiian community at Isabella Point. I did get the Lions to put it back on the map in their phone book,so am happy about that.
While we are looking for it (Chris should know where it is? - the author Chris Arnett), have you looked through the draft management plan for Burgoyne Bay Park?
Chris Arnett's "Cultural and Historic Values of Hwaqwum – Burgoyne Bay, Salt Spring Island, BC." is featured as Appendix 1 in the "Burgoyne Bay Background Report" prepared for BC Parks, Salt Spring Island, BCMarch 31, 2003
It is an unpublished report also featuring writing by Briony Penn.
I have found a couple of quotations:
“Of Burgoyne Bay – the sheer physical beauty of the place is obvious – beneath the magnificence of Mount Maxwell an unpaved country road meanders through Douglas fir forest on one side, open fields on the other, to a sparkling bay where a tow-hold [sic] of industry flanks a sweeping bay fringed by forest. . . . The place is called Hwaaqwum (hwaw-kwum) “place of the sawbill duck” a name that described its most important resource. Saw-bill ducks were harvested by the hundreds (by First Nations) with large aerial nets during the summer and autumn months, speared, singed and dried for winter use. Herring was raked in the bay and sea-mammals hunted. The shoreline harboured rich clam beds and a stream with coho and chum salmon taken in summer and dried. Further inland were clearings of red-clover and camas fields, cedar groves and berry patches.” (C. Arnett, “PLACE – The Final Frontier”, unpublished document, 1999)
The land within and around Burgoyne Bay harbours historical and cultural values from thousands of years of human activity; although the area has had human impacts (e.g. land clearing for farming, log sorts on land and in the water), it has had relatively little modern development. The Burgoyne valley and bay retains an atmosphere embracing the cultural and spiritual values of local First Nations and the heritage of one of BC’s first inter-racial settler communities (Arnett, 2003).
Re my last post:
Chris Arnett's "Cultural and Historic Values of Hwaqwum Burgoyne Bay, Salt Spring Island, BC." is SAID TO HAVE BEEN featured as Appendix 1 in the "Burgoyne Bay Background Report" prepared for BC Parks, Salt Spring Island, BC
March 31, 2003
I have found the document quoted, and here is its Appendix 1 - I'm not sure it's what Chris wrote, as it is title d differently, as "Burgoyne Bay Park Public Consultation"
Chris Arnett's report is referenced in a web page that ought to be archived in the SSIA (it makes a great read):
As for my hunt for the report itself, at present I have to move on, having Other Things to Do (HOT2Do?)
Chris is probably the best resource to resort to...
But once upon a time I did come across a wonderful archive of the history of Fulford, or something of that sort, by a group of people named something like Friends of Fulford, or of the Fulford Valley (sic...!!!???)
It's not popping back into view at present for me.
Indian legend has it that a ferocious sea monster called “Shuh-shu-cum” (Open Mouth) once lived at the tip of the point. He would lie with his snout out of the water and when anyone tried to pass close to the point he would open his mouth and suck in the canoe with its passengers. No one knew what to do about “Shuh-shu-cum” but one brave had heard of a man called “Sum-al-quatz” who lived on the mainland and was said to have the strength of a thousand men. The brave decided to seek out “Sum-al-quatz” to ask for his help so he paddled across to Burgoyne Bay and walked across Saltspring Island where he borrowed a canoe and paddled to the mainland.
“Sum-al-quatz” agreed to help. He loaded a boulder into his sling and “let it fly”. But his aim was off and the boulder landed in Ladysmith. His second shot landed near Mayne Island. The third landed in Maple Bay and is now known as Paddy’s Milestone. “Sum-al-quatz” explained that he couldn’t get a good aim as Mount Maxwell (or “Hwmat’etsum” - Bent Over Place) was in the way.
They called to the mountain’s spirit and asked him to hunch down so that “Sum-al-quatz” could get a better aim. Mount Maxwell lay down on his belly and hunched his shoulders.
Mount Maxwell from Burgoyne Bay - Photo courtesy Top Brass
The next boulder cleared Mount Maxwell and hit “Shuh-shu-cum” on the snout. That put an end to “Shuh-shu-cum’s” snout and his sucking up of the canoes but it did not destroy him. He still lives in the deep waters and whenever you see swirls and eddies near Octopus Point you know that he is nearby.
(Sources: Agnes Thorne “The Monster of Octopus Point” in When the Rains Came and Other Legends of the Salish People as told to Dolby Bevan Turner, Orca Book Publishers, Victoria 1992.
Peter Rusland “The Legend of Octopus Point” (interview with Simon Charlie) Cowichan News Leader November 15, 2000 p.3.
BC Geographic Names database)
(To avoid becoming "insular" I recommend this entire website - it is the view of the west side of our island from across the waters, from the east side of Vancouver Island)
Burgoyne Bay (48° 48' 00" N - 123° 32' 00" W) sits below Baynes Peak.
It was named in 1859 by Captain Richards after Commander Hugh Talbot Burgoyne VC who was an officer aboard HMS Ganges under the command of Captain Fulford. He was awarded the VC for gallant action during the Crimean War. According to the Canadian Geographical Names Database, he and most of the crew of 500 died when their ship “Captain” turned upside down and foundered off Cape Finisterre. A Post Office was once located at Burgoyne Bay from 1880 to 1900. In the 1990s, attempts by Texada Logging to harvest timber in Burgoyne Bay created quite an uproar on Saltspring. Now, the shores of Burgoyne are protected by the Mount Maxwell Ecological Reserve. It is 4 miles across Saltspring from Burgoyne to Fulford and the wind which often blows out of this bay has traveled across the island through the low-lying Fulford-Burgoyne Valley.
Mount Maxwell (48° 48' 00" N - 123° 31' 00" W) was named Baynes Mountain by Captain Richard in 1859 after Rear Admiral Baynes who was commander of the Pacific Fleet from 1857 to 1860 but local residents called it Mount Maxwell after John Maxwell who farmed in the area in the late 1800s. Mount Maxwell was adopted as the official name in 1911 “as an entrenched local name”. According to the BC Geographic Names database, through correspondence with authorities on Saltspring Island, agreement was reached in 1939 to call the highest point Baynes Peak and the mountain top park Mount Maxwell Park.