Salt Spring Island Archives

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Lesson 6: How Has Salt Spring Been Mapped?


From examining a selection of maps of Salt Spring, students will note changes over time. They will also see that maps can be created for a variety of purposes.

Activity 1

Make an overhead of an early map of Salt Spring, made by Gov. Douglas on a canoe trip in 1852, Chuan Is. Discuss these questions with the class:

Next show overhead Admirality Is.

Now show the Hul’quamin’um Treaty Map

Explain to the class that the lines on the map indicate native travel routes to food harvesting areas or areas used for other purposes.

Pass out Map Analysis Sheet #1 for the students to fill in.

Activity 2

Show an overhead of the first Salt Spring Survey Map.

Explain that Gov. Douglas had Joseph Pemberton survey Salt Spring, as well as areas of Cowichan and Nanaimo in order to prepare land for preemption - claiming by settlers who wanted land.

Show an overhead of a Map of the Early Settlement of Salt Spring.

Show Ruth Sandwell's 1868 Map of Salt Spring’s Settlement By Race.

Pass out Map Analysis Sheet #2 for the students to fill in.

Activity 3

Share an overhead of a contemporary map of Salt Spring.

After a short discussion, pass out copies of the map and Map Analysis Sheet #3 for the students to complete.

Activity 4

Share a map with First Nations place names. Tell the stories related to a few of the names. Discuss the ways in which First Nations named places.

Discuss the difference between the way they named places and the way the early settlers named places.

Pass out a blank Salt Spring map. Have the students record both the name in contemporary use and the First Nations name.